From its inception, hacking has always been about taking advantage of insecure or weakly secured sites or networks for selfish purposes. For these reasons, organizations that want to bolster the protection of their electronic databases turn to professionals for help. These crops of legitimate hackers are referred to as ethical hackers because they employ an ethical hacking technique to build a stronger defense against actual hacking risks. By intentionally “attacking” the program, they will easily recognize its weaknesses and then start drawing up contingency plans to stall or eliminate the dangerous attackers.
The need for ethical hackers cannot be overemphasized and as such, it is paramount to have an ethical hacker within an organization.
Usefulness of Ethical Hacking
These days, ethical hacking is used as a growing and preferred method to examine the security systems and programs of organizations. It works in tandem with the judgment on security, red teaming, intrusion testing, and threats. Here are some important points which could help you to understand more about ethical hacking and its need.
Typically, an ethical hacker tries to play the role of a security specialist when hacking a computer network. They penetrate systems to detect risks and unlawful access of the same. There are two obstacles they constantly face – threats and insecurity.
Ethical hacking meets the ethical hacking rules and threshold for the secure running of the program. It is a complex procedure and therefore an ethical hacker requires a great deal of skill especially in comparison to penetration testing. Ethical hacking is useful in corporate organizations in fighting against unlawful infringement on systems practices and continuing to take precautionary action on hackers. Harmful software such as trojan horses, viruses, and spam email create system and storage space disruptions and disturbances. Here, ethical hacking is useful as it helps to uncover these attacks on systems, moreover it provides high-level security.
The main goal of ethical hacking is to guarantee safety in data networks, and which constitutes the goals of most of the current business companies. Ethical hacking has the luxury of gaining access to the network and information networks of an organization. This provides automatic security for data breaches and threats like viruses. As a result, ethical hacking often ends up checking the security standards of the software programs.
Hackers are technically skilled people who manipulate data to control networks with the intent to breach and steal sensitive data. However, not every hacker has a sinister intent, and which underlines the imperative for ethical hacking.
What is Ethical Hacking?
Ethical hacking, equally referred to as penetration testing, is being used worldwide as a method for combating cybercriminals and securing sensitive data. Generally, hackers come in three types:
· Black Hat Hacker – These are the types of hacker that maliciously manipulates data for no good or justification except to deliberately generate confusion. The serious and urgent need for advanced cyber-security is for Black Hat hacker to be prevented
· White Hat Hacker – White Hat hackers are ethical hackers who are oftentimes software engineers who hack for legitimate reasons and operate by adhering with corporate and business rules.
· Grey Hat Hacker-This is a combination of black hat and white hat hackers. These sets of hackers hack mostly for fun and may break rules while doing that, the only difference is that they often do not do it with bad intentions, damage systems or to hurt people.
Benefits of Ethical Hacking:
The major benefit of ethical hacking is that it helps to prevent malicious attackers from stealing and misusing data. It can also be used for the following:
- Discovering security vulnerability from the POV of an attacker to help fix weak points.
- Putting a safe network that will prevent breaches of encryption in place.
- Defending national security for safeguarding data against terrorists.
- Gaining customer and investor confidence by ensuring their products and data are secure.
- Assisting with real-world assessments for networks protection.
Can a Hacker Bypass Encryption?
Encryption makes use of complex mathematical equations to conceal information from intruders, transforming files, messages, and documents into unreadable codes. Naturally, encrypted files require a code to decrypt, but hackers may in some cases override the encryption protocol to steal classified information. By using ethical security and encryption techniques, you can combat all these tactics employed by hackers.
For a hacker to bypass encryption schemes, the easiest way is to simply steal the key. If a hacker succeeds in installing a keylogger on your machine, he can monitor your actions, including generating or using cryptographic keys. Additionally, some types of malware allow the controller to access the contents of your hard drive, so they may be vulnerable if you save encryption keys and passwords in clear text. Constantly updating the operating system, anti-malware programs and firewalls will help to avoid these attacks.
Several servers use an encryption process called hashing to prevent hackers from breaking password databases. This cryptographic one-way algorithm generates a unique string for each entry. For example, the term “key” will generate a completely different hash than the string “key” or key”1.” The server would store the hashed version of your password when you set up an account with a specific password and once you log in, your data will get hashed and compared to the already stored value. If there is a match, the system will automatically recognize the password as being correct and give access.
Hackers are however able to find ways around hashed password databases. Since the programs that decode these keys are easy to find, a hacker can hash common terms and check the database for matches. For instance, if a hacker hashes “password” and matches that to an account, he knows that the password of the account is “password.” To avoid these kinds of threats, always endeavour to use complex passwords that would not show up in the dictionary, and sites can add “salts” to the encryption algorithm to change its output.
In certain cases, the data encryption safety level may be insufficient to prevent an attack by atrocious force. Attackers will try every means possible to break an encryption algorithm with every possible key, and this can take an extended amount of time to succeed. Hackers could even take over other computers to make this kind of attack easy, dedicating their computational power to break through a cryptographic algorithm. Using an extended encryption key will significantly increase the time required for the encryption to breach. Numerous types of consumer encryption make use of 128- or 256-bit access codes, but that changed in 2012 when the U.S. Computer Emergency Response team proposed that a move to 2,048-bit keys would be needed to protect data over the next two decades due to computer power increases.
You would be making a major mistake as a service customer if you consider the service to be a one-off. Hackers are continuously discovering new ways of breaking into once secure programs. However, if you are hiring a hacker to see how updated your security protocols are, ensure that you do so regularly. If not, then you are still at the risk of being attacked. By providing world-class penetration testing and ethical hacking risk management services, ethical hacking protects your network security.
Due to the complexity and continuous increase of security threats, there is a need for ethical hackers and their importance worldwide is increasingly growing. Incorporating a guided strategy and a security perspective will help companies to effectively protect their credibility and data. If you need the service of an ethical hacker for your company or personally to secure your device and other hack related services send an email to email@example.com